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SCI论文写作高频词和词组--讨论部分

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  SCI论文写作高频词和词组--讨论部分。讨论部分是SCI论文写作难度最大,也是最能体现文章深度和创新性的部分。一般分四大部分进行描述:

  第一部分,精要概括文章的研究背景以及本课题的主要研究目的、实验手段以及发现的结果

  第二部分,深入讨论结果部分中的重要研究发现。通过比对引用前人的研究结果,讨论自己的研究结果。讨论的角度可以从课题设计、分析方法、实验技术改进等方面进行切入。如果课题中的研究结果是验证前人的研究发现,就不需要深入讨论, 要把讨论重点放在和前人研究结果不一样,或者前人没有发现过的独特的有创新性的结果。

  第三部分,指明自己研究的不足之处。可以从课题设计、实验手段、分析方法、是否需要进一步实验验证入手。因为任何课题都不会是完美的,能把自己的不足主动列出来并说明对本课题“有限”的影响,会让审稿人觉得作者对自己课题是很了解的,有的时候也就不会让作者再补充相关实验。

  第四部分,再次总结文章的实验发现和研究意义、贡献以及下一步的研究方向。有的期刊要求把这部分独立出来称为“Conclusion”。

  讨论部分的时态一般为过去时,在介绍前人研究时,则一般采用过去时或现在完成时。

  第一部分 总结概括研究背景和实验结果

  1. “本研究”的多样化表达:in this study, these data, these observations, our work, these results

  2. “目前研究的不足”如何阐述:bridge the gap between, this experimental bottleneck, remains a significant challenge, have largely been ignored as, remain a daunting challenge, has been constrained by,

  3. “之前的研究”表述方法:previous results have shown that, it was previously found that,

  4. 时间的描述方法,“最近”怎么表达:until recently, to date, more recently, recently,

  5. “次序”的表达方法:followed by, then, lastly, furthermore, in addition, moreover, additionally,

  6. “因此”的表达方法:therefore, thus, hence, it is therefore important to,

  7. “转折”的描述方法:however, whereby, whereas, while, nevertheless, regardless of, in contrast, even if, conversely,

  8. “执行”的描述动词:analyze, screen, measure, govern, design, present a strategy, generated,

  9. 研究的“改善”的表达方法:has greatly improved the ability to

  10. 研究进展的表述方法:the advent of, recent advances,

  11. 结果表明的论述方法:show, suggest, demonstrate, imply, illustrate,

  第二部分 深入讨论结果部分的重要发现

  1. 数量的表述方法:a diverse set of, a larger diversity of, large-scale, a large number of, a series of,

  2. 用于比较的描述方法:compared to prior methods, likewise, are similar to, Compared with,

  3. “合适”的合适表达:be well-suited for, match, adaptable for,

  4. “模拟”的表述方法:closely mirrored,

  5. “使得”我们做什么实验,“使得”的描述:allow us to, enable us to,

  6. “相互作用”的花样表达:interplay, map interaction, interact with,

  7. “关系”的描述词:relationship, association, link,

  8. “进一步”解释的暗示词:indeed, importantly, further, more generally,

  9. “来源”的描述方法:obtained from, result from,

  10. “借助”的用词方式:by, applied, used this method, via,

  11. “鉴于”的表达方式:supporting this notion, given that, considering that,

  12. “与......一致”的表述方法:in line with this, consistent with,

  第三部分 指明本课题研究过程中的不足

  1. 结果“引发”的描述方法:lead to, contribute to, driven by, induced, in response to,

  2. 如何“引起读者注意”的词:remarkably, accordingly, notably, it is important to note that, interestingly,

  3. “自我反省”时的悔过方面:data quality, cost, scale, data-driven approach,

  4. “优点”的描述方法:offers unique advantages and disadvantages, the major advantage of,

  5. “缺点”的描述方法:a disadvantage of XX is that, these limitations, another limitation is that ,

  6. 用于推断的情态动词:may be, could be, should be, it is possible that, perhaps the reason that. ... is due to,

  7. 发挥作用的表述方式:serve this function, play an important/a crucial role in,

  第四部分 再次回顾总结展望未来的研究

  1. 研究很“重要”,“重要”如何凸显:be crucial to, importantly, specifically,

  2. “揭示、表明”的论述方法:uncover, suggest, show, demonstrate, imply, indicate, it was found that, illustrate,

  3. 研究展望的描述方法:provide new insights into, ultimately reveal new molecular mechanisms, as an understudied and important potential next frontier, shed light on the molecular basis of , future investigations using strategies reported XXX will likely illuminate novel function of, the data as a continuing source for future discoveries, XXX will be an important question for future investigation, our next challenge is to, can be another strategy for XXX, lays the groundwork for future therapeutic strategies

  4. “整合”的描述方法:integrated into, integration of,

  5. “预见/认为”的下结论方法:foresee, speculate, these predictions are supported by

  6. 总结概括的描述方法:ultimately, altogether, taken together, in summary, together, in conclusion

  7. “侧重于, 强调”的表述方法:focus on, concentrate on, highlight,

  8. 研究价值的表述方法:particularly useful,

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